Hip and knee pain
Hip pain occurs very often in the elderly as a result of changes in the hip joint itself and damage to the soft tissues around the joint.
According to the cause, place and type of pain, pain in the hip can be divided into the following diseases:
- Osteoarthritis (joint degeneration)
- Bursitis (inflammation of the bursa within the joint)
- Sarcoilitis (sarcoid joint pain)
- Iliotibial pain syndrome (pain on the outside of the upper leg)
- Trochanteric pain syndrome (outer hip pain)
Chronic conditions that cause pain in the hip can be treated with a combination of injections, medication, as well as through the use of physical therapy, a manual non-invasive method also shows good effects, and later kinesitherapy is applied.
Knee pain can be divided into knee pain during movement and knee pain during rest. Pain in the knee that occurs during rest requires immediate intervention and a trip to the doctor. Such pain is most often caused by swelling or a sprained knee.
Recreational and professional athletes, as well as the elderly, often experience knee pain that can be immediate as a result of a sprained or dislocated knee.
If the pains are temporary, it is important to rest, to put cold compresses on the place of pain. If the patient’s pain or swelling does not disappear after 2-3 days, if there is any, he should immediately contact his doctor or physiotherapist, in order to receive the necessary therapy.
Chronic knee diseases that require treatment:
- Jumper’s knee
- Prepatellar bursitis
- Knee arthritis
Treatment of the above-mentioned diseases requires that the patient consult a doctor or physiotherapist, who will recommend a possible examination by an orthopedist, rheumatologist or other specialist, as well as additional diagnostics in the form of CT, MR or ultrasound imaging. Therapy can be physical (electrotherapy, laser, magnet, tecar), acupuncture, pain mesotherapy, medication, injection for the knee, later application of kinesitherapy.